Education System in Germany

The education system in Germany is very much unique. German universities offer degree programs that fit every wish and level of education. Every degree program provides students with a certain level of academic qualification. German universities now reformed their degree programs from the Bologna process. The traditional “Diplom” and “Magister Artium” programs are replaced by the bachelor’s and master’s degree programs. Studying in Germany needs the advanced technical college entrance qualification and the International students need to have an equal graduate degree to apply for higher education in Germany. Each and every university in Germany has their own admission requirements. The students must know all the rules and regulations of that particular university before applying for it.

Degrees in Germany:

Bachelor’s Degree

This is the first level of education offered by any university in Germany. It consists of six to eight semesters in which the students can learn the fundamental basics of the particular area they choose. The bachelor’s degree in Germany is widely accepted and appreciated in the international market. The students can go for a professional career or higher studies after completing their bachelor’s degree.

The following designations are used for Bachelor’s degrees at universities and equivalent institutions of higher education as well as at universities of applied sciences:

  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)
  • Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng.)
  • Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.)

The following designations are used for Bachelor’s degrees at colleges of art and music:

  • Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.)
  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
  • Bachelor of Music (B.Mus.)

The following designation is used for Bachelor’s degrees given in the course of initial teacher training:

  • Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.)

Master’s Degree

This is the second level of education offered by any university in Germany. The students should have to complete their bachelor’s degree successfully before applying for the master’s degree. It consists of two to four semesters in which the students will learn deeply about their specified area. The universities allow their students to do different kinds of internships as a part of their degree program in which they will work in Industrial sectors. After completing the master’s degree, students can either go for professional careers or they can do doctoral studies in Germany.

The following designations are used for Master’s degrees in consecutive Master’s study courses at universities and equivalent institutions of higher education:

  • Master of Arts (M.A.)
  • Master of Science (M.Sc.)
  • Master of Engineering (M.Eng.)
  • Master of Laws (LL.M.)
  • Master of Education (M.Ed.)

The following designations are used for Master’s degrees in consecutive Master’s study courses at colleges of art and music:

  • Master of Fine Arts (M.F.A.)
  • Master of Arts (M.A.)
  • Master of Music (M.Mus.)

The following designations are used for Master’s degrees in consecutive Master’s study courses at universities of applied sciences:

  • Master of Arts (M.A.)
  • Master of Science (M.Sc.)
  • Master of Engineering (M.Eng.)
  • Master of Laws (LL.M.)

The Doctorate

The students have to choose a very specific field to research for their doctoral studies. During this, the students have to complete their research on a specific topic successfully and write a research paper. Students will be awarded the doctoral title Ph.D. on the successful completion of the program. The duration of the program will vary from two to six years based on the topic chosen.

State examination

The state examination is not conducted by the universities of Germany. It is a state-recognized degree conducted by the federal government of Germany. The state allows taking this test after completing the respective degrees in medicine, law or teacher training. After getting selected in the state examination, the students are allowed to begin a practical training period in their fields.